USA ... When will US rates rise? According to the latest survey in the Wall Street Journal, most economists expect the Fed to raise rates in June next year. 40% expect rates to rise in the second quarter and almost half expect the rise to be delayed until the second half of the year.
Positive about the prospects for growth in the US, economists believe concerns about Europe and challenges in the Ukraine suggest the Fed will be anxious to hold the rate rise for as long as possible and well into the year ahead.
Mark Carney in Liverpool …
The Governor was in Liverpool this week speaking to the TUC Annual Congress. Reassuring union members he and 3,600 staff in the Bank of England were paid a living wage, the governor went on to explain the “judgement about precisely when to raise Bank Rate has become more balanced”. “With no pre set course, the timing would depend on the data.”
This week, the data suggests there will be no pressure to increase rates anytime soon and probably not before the end of the year.
Oil Price …
Fears of inflation abate, as the oil price fell below the $100 dollar mark. Despite turmoil in Iraq and Syria, Oil Price Brent Crude closed at $97.62. The average price in September last year was $112. UK manufacturing prices and headline inflation rates will soften as a result. For the moment, the Saudi swing producers are relaxed. The seasonal low will impact and prices will take the hit. Restoration to the $100 - $110 band will follow in the Autumn, demand and supply will adjust to ensure this is the case.
UK Manufacturing output increased by just 2.2% in July after growth of 3.5% in the first half of the year. Output of capital goods and consumer goods was surprisingly week in the month. We have downgraded our forecasts for the third quarter and the year as a whole (3.4%) as a result.
Construction output ...
UK Construction output growth slowed to 2.6% in July after growth of 6% in the first half of the year. Strong growth in new housing (both public and private) up by 27% and in private industrial (up by 20%) was offset by weakness in infrastructure and related public sector projects. For the year as a whole we expect growth of 4.6% slightly down on the June forecast of 5.1%.
UK Trade Figures …
The trade deficit (goods) increased to £10.2 billion in July offset by a £6.8 surplus in services. Our forecasts for the year as whole - unchanged as a result. We expect the deficit (trade in goods) to be £30.8 billion in the quarter and £112.5 billion for the year as a whole.
Is this a threat to recovery? Not really. The trade in services surplus will reduce the combined deficit in the year, to around £30 billion. Less than 2% of GDP, the deficit is easily funded. No pressure on policy makers to increase rates, assuming overseas dividends recover to finance the shortfall.
Growth in the UK …
Despite the soft figures in manufacturing and construction in July, our forecast for growth in the UK in the Q3 and for the year as a whole remains unchanged around 3.1%
So what of base rates …
Last week, base rates were held at 50 basis points. The chances of a rate rise before the end of the year are receding. Next week’s inflation and retail figures will be soft but the labour stats will suggest further tightening in the claimant count and vacancy rates. There will be nothing in next week’s data to precipitate a rate rise this year.
So what happened to sterling this week?
Sterling fell against the dollar to $1.626 from $1.630 and down against the Euro at 1.254 from 1.259. The Euro was up against the dollar at 1.297 (1.295).
Oil Price Brent Crude closed down at $97.62 from 100.98. The average price in September last year was $111.60.
Markets, move down slightly. The Dow closed down at 16,978 from 17,103 and the FTSE closed down at 6,806 from 6,855.
UK Ten year gilt yields move up to 2.55 from 2.49 and US Treasury yields closed at 2.60 from 2.44. Gold was further tarnished at $1,227 from $1,265.
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1 Investment is increasing but the economy is not re balancing …
In the first quarter of 2014, investment increased by almost 10% compared to the first quarter prior year. The rally in investment is welcome but investment remains some way off the highs of 2007. By the end of 2015, investment will account for just over 15% of GDP compared to 61% for household consumption. The economy is not re balancing
Download - Modelling UK Investment
2 Investment isn’t always about productive capacity …
In 2007, the largest share of investment was property related. Over 70% of investment is explained by dwellings and commercial real estate investment. Machinery and equipment, areas of investment we tend to associate with “productive capacity”, account for just 20% of total investment spending.
3 There has been no significant loss to productive capacity …
Our capital stock model suggests productive capacity within the economy will return to normal by the end of 2014. We identify productive capacity as investment in plant and machinery with a four year capital stock model. There has been no significant loss to productive capacity and output potential
4 Low interest rates of themselves do not stimulate investment …
The cost of capital is a relatively low element in the return on investment model. Recovery is the key to unlocking the growth in investment.
5 Investment will assist not lead the recovery …
We are forecasting an increase in investment of 7.4% in 2014 and 6.5% in 2015. Our forecasts for UK growth overall are 3% in 2014 and 2.8% in 2015. The investment share of GDP is set to increase as a result. This represents recovery rather than re balancing of the economy. Investment will assist, not lead, the recovery.
Download our full report on Modelling UK Investment together with latest forecasts ...
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The material is based upon information which we consider to be reliable but we do not represent that it is accurate or complete and it should not be relied upon as such. We accept no liability for errors, or omissions of opinion or fact. In particular, no reliance should be placed on the comments on trends in financial markets. The presentation should not be construed as the giving of investment advice.